When we released VS2010 we add support for web.config (XDT) transforms during publish/package. Note: From now on I’ll only use the word publish from now on but the full content relates to packaging as well. In the original implementation when you published your web project the web.config file would be transformed by the file web.{Configuration}.config, where {Configuration} is the project build configuration. For example Debug, or Release. If you publish on Release and there exists a web.release.config we will take your web.config and transform it with web.release.config before publishing.

Cascading web.config transformations

In VS 2012 (as well as the publishing updates for VS2010 through the Azure SDK) now support the concept of publish specific transforms. You can also now specify the project configuration used for a profile when publishing on the publish dialog.


In this case I have created a profile named Production and set the Configuration to Release. When I publish this project the following transformations will be applied (if the files exist) in this order.

  1. web.release.config
  2. web.production.config

I think that we got this wrong when we initially implemented the support. We should have created profile specific transforms instead of ones based on build config, but having these cascading transforms are still pretty useful. For example I may want to remove the attribute debug=”true” from the compilation element and then inside of the profile specific transform we would override appSettings/WCF endpoints/logging config/etc for that environment.

In VS there is a right-click option on web.config for Add Config Transform, but we were not able to update the functionality of that to automatically create profile specific transforms. Don’t worry it will be released soon with our first set of updates for web tooling. For now you will need to create a new file with the correct name and add it to your project. Note: if you want it to show up nested under web.config you’ll need to add the metadata Web.config to the item in the .csproj/.vbproj file.

web.config transform preview

Previously the only way to test the functionality for these transformation was to actually publish or package the web project. This gets old pretty quick. In order to simplify creating these transforms we have introduced the Preview Transform menu option. This is the coolest feature in VS 2012 (OK I’m a bit biased, but still its the coolest).


In my web.release.config I have left the default contents, which just removes the debug attribute. Here is what I see when I select this on web.release.config for my project.


You can see that in the image above we can see that the debug flag was indeed removed as expected.

In my web.production.config I have a transform which simply updates the email app setting value. Here is the really cool part when I preview the transform for web.production.config the previewer will look into the profile and determine the build configuration which has been configured, and it will ensure that transform is applied before the profile specific one. For example take a look at the result for web.production.config.


In the image above you can see the note that web.release.config was applied first followed by web.production.config. In the result we can see that web.release.config removed the debug flag and that web.production.config updated the email address value.

We also do a little bit to help out in case there are errors in either the web.config or a transform. You can see errors in the Output Window and double click it to go directly to where the error exists.

Note: Scott Hanselman has a 5 minute video showing this and other updates.

Another note: If you need to transform any file besides web.config during publish then install my extension SlowCheetah.

Sayed Ibrahim Hashimi | @SayedIHashimi

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